The House Dust Mite
Mattresses are generally considered the main living and breeding ground for dust mites since they provide ideal environmental conditions along with a plentiful supply of food, but this is not always the case. It is known that dust mites and food are more common at the top surface of foam and sprung mattresses, however providing food is available and conditions are suitable dust mites may be present throughout solid foam mattresses.
Contrary to popular belief, the dust mite concentration in mattresses are not directly related to the age. Differences between mite numbers in mattresses and carpets may be related to their age, but they will also be influenced by a number of other factors such as room temperature, humidity, vacuuming and type of
mattress or carpet. Rather many environmental factors contribute to the buildup within mattresses, likewise introducing regular mattress cleaning can reduce these concentration by millions.
What are dust mites?
Dust mites (Dermatophagoides farinae) are microscopic creatures that thrive in your home, especially warm and humid areas like your pillows and mattresses. They are tiny, not able to be seen with the naked eye, too small to be crushed by humans, and are equipped with 8 legs and a mouth appendage.
Dust mites survive by eating your skin!
Every hour we shed approximately 1,500,000 dead skin flakes. An average night of sleep can yield over 12,000,000 dead skin flakes, and it all ends up in YOUR MATTRESS EACH DAY! Dust mites eat your dead skin cells (called “dander”), which is why they absolutely thrive in your bed. This is where you consistently spend most of your time in one spot, and the skin cells your body sheds provide a feast for the tiny irritating critters!
Why do dust mites cause allergies?
The dust mites themselves are not actually an irritant to humans, it’s their feces that causes Dust Mite Allergies! Each and every dust mite is capable of producing over 20 dung droppings daily. Since people shed an estimated of 1/5 cup of skin a week, just by sleeping in your bed you are providing the perfect ecosystem for dust mites to thrive, and they do!
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to dust mite feces includes sneezing, itching, discomfort, watering eyes, runny nose and even asthma attacks.
Consult your family physician if you believe you or someone in your home may be exhibiting symptoms or allergies.
Methods To Control Dust Mites
Many seeking relief look for reliable information on topics such as:
- How to kill dust mites
- How to get rid of dust mites
- Relief from dust mites
Vacuuming and steam cleaning have both been shown to kill and remove dust mites and the allergens they create. Neither step does it alone, it is a combination of vacuuming, heat, and steam with low moisture-content that has shown the most effective. Excessive heat reduces the humidity level and also causes an environment not suitable for their survival. Furthermore, information linking the effect of ultraviolet C on deactivating dust mite eggs adds to the fight against the irritants.
Clean Sleep technology was created to decisively counter these risks.
Dust Mites are a real problem!
According to the Wall Street Journal, dust mites are behind “an alarming increase in asthma and allergy rates in this country. The dust mite is a microscopic bug that feeds off flakes of human skin. It’s the bug’s excrement, not the mite itself, that causes an allergic reaction. The prevalence of dust-mite allergy is as high as 25% in the humid Southeast and as low as 5% in the drier Mountain States. Dust mites thrive in plush carpets, overstuffed upholstery and cushy bed comforters.”
It goes on to mention “One frightening statistic: The average mattress will double its weight in 10 years as a result of being filled with dead dust mites and their detritus.”
How big are dust mites?
Dust mites range from 200 to 500 microns in size – to give you an idea of how small that is, as many as 100,000 dust mites can live in a one square yard area.
Microbial Study: Clean Sleep
Clean Sleep Microbial Study Validates Effectiveness
Numerous studies and tests validate the effectiveness of heat, ozone, ultraviolet C and steam in reducing harmful bacteria. Prior to building our very first prototype, Clean Sleep spent a considerable amount of time researching what it takes to effectively target the contaminants found on mattresses. We consulted this data along with our scientific input to determine what works best in our apparatus.
Our 3rd party microbial study is focused on observing specific micro-organisms that cause infection control issues for healthcare facilities. In 2011 alone, almost half a million individuals in the U.S. suffered from an infection caused by C. diff., and more than 100,000 of these infections developed among residents of nursing homes. Patients and residents spend a lot more time in their beds in these facilities and the The prevention and elimination of C. diff in medical facilities and assisted living communities could save thousands of lives and millions of dollars in health care, ultimately improving the overall quality of life for patients and residents.
Test Microorganism Information
Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 33592 (MRSA)
This bacteria is a Gram-positive, cocci shaped, aerobe which is resistant to the penicillin-derivative antibiotic methicillin. MRSA can cause troublesome infections, and their rapid reproduction and resistance to antibiotics makes them more difficult to treat. MRSA bacteria are resistant to drying and can therefore survive on surfaces and fabrics for an extended period of time and therefore makes this bacteria an excellent representative for antimicrobial efficacy testing on surfaces.
Results of the Study – S. aureus 33592 (MRSA)
Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 51575 (VRE)
This bacteria is a Gram-positive, spherical-shaped strain of Enterococcus faecalis that has developed resistance to the antibiotic vancomycin. E. faecalis (VRE) can cause a variety of local and systemic infections including endocarditis, bacteremia, and urinary tract infections, which are exceptionally difficult to treat because of this strain’s acquired drug resistance. Due to this bacterium’s robust survival factors and resistance to commonly used antimicrobial agents, this bacterium is very challenging to disinfect.
Results of the Study – S. aureus 33592 (MRSA)
MS2 Bacteriophage (MS2) ATCC 15597-B1
This virus is a non-enveloped positive-stranded RNA virus of the bacteriophage family Leviviridae. Bacterial cells are the hosts for bacteriophages, and E. coli 15597 serves this purpose for MS2 bacteriophage. Its small size, icosohedral structure, and environmental resistance has made MS2 ideal for use as a surrogate virus (particularly in place of picornaviruses such as poliovirus and human norovirus) in water quality and disinfectant studies.
Results of the Study – MS2 Bacteriophage 15597-B1 (A1)
Permissive Host Cell System for MS2: Escherichia coli, 15597
Aspergillus brasiliensis ATCC 9642
This fungi is a conidiophore, or a sexual spore generating aerobic fungus. A. brasiliensis, formerly listed as a strain of A. niger, is related to other Aspergillus species in that they produce spores which are highly resistant to chemical and environmental conditions. A. brasiliensis is commonly used as a benchmark fungus for antimicrobial fungicides and preservatives used in pharmaceutical and personal care products.
Results of the Study – A. brasiliensis 9642
Clostridium difficile ATCC 43598 (Endospores)
This bacteria is a Gram-positive, rod shaped, endospore generating obligate anaerobe. Clostridium species are part of the normal human gut flora that produce spores which are highly resistant to chemical and environmental conditions. C. diff is commonly associated with hospital acquired infections and is know to cause antibiotic assisted colitis. Because of it’s high resistance to antimicrobials, C. difficile is a benchmark bacteria for sporicidal and sterilant activity of chemicals.
Results of the Study – C. difficile 43598 (Endospores)
Cladosporium cladosporioides ATCC 16022
This heavily sporulating fungi is a dematiaceous mold, meaning that it is characterized by the olive-to-black pigmentation of its conidia and hyphae. It is prevalent in indoor and outdoor environments, and is a plant pathogen that affects wheat. Frequently isolated from air, Cladiosporium has a world-wide presence and is one of the early colonizers of humid indoor environments growing on such substrates as gypsum, paper, paint, and textiles. As a common allergen, this species has been known to induce hay fever and asthma in humans.
Results of the Study – C. cladosporioides 16022 (A1)